Solid waste management’s fundamental objective is to lessen or eliminate trash’s negative effects on people and the planet in order to promote progress in these areas and a higher standard of living. Keeping expenses low and avoiding excess waste necessitates using the most effective strategy for getting the job done. The term “Solid Waste” is used to describe many types of garbage that are thrown away because they are deemed undesired and worthless. Industries, households, and businesses all contribute to the generation of solid waste, which may be disposed of in a number of different ways depending on the specifics of the location. As a result, landfills are often categorized as either municipal, sanitary, construction and demolition, or industrial. Human civilization was concerned with garbage long before it began to worry about air and water pollution. The amount of municipal solid waste is debatable, and it has evolved through time as a result of scientific progress and societal changes. Waste materials and their mounds are a frequent sight in every part of our land. There is a growing problem with garbage in rural regions, too. Unsanitary circumstances, which have a harmful impact on both the environment and human health, are widespread across our cities due to inadequate municipal services, increased population, and excessive resource use. Population expansion, urbanization, and industrialization are all factors that have been shown to significantly enhance the rate at which people produce solid garbage.